Category Archives: Magento

Bulk Upload Images as Simple Products in Magento

The client has thousands of images, each of which is a (simple) product they want in Magento. Each image is named the associated product’s SKU number with a JPG extension. I began by using a recorded Batch script in Photoshop to resize all the images to reduce filesize and make the image more web-friendly.

The following Ruby script generates a Magento Product CSV file from JPG images in a directory. It is pasted as-is.

#!/bin/env ruby

require 'rubygems'
require 'csv'
require 'htmlentities'
require 'uri'

def main
    #Dir.glob("media/products/#{catname}/*").each_with_index do |imgpath, i|

    # Magento 1.7 CSV product headers
    csv_headers = '"store"	"websites"	"attribute_set"	"type"	"category_ids"	"sku"	"has_options"	"name"	"meta_title"	"meta_description"	"image"	"small_image"	"thumbnail"	"url_key"	"url_path"	"custom_design"	"page_layout"	"options_container"	"image_label"	"small_image_label"	"thumbnail_label"	"country_of_manufacture"	"msrp_enabled"	"msrp_display_actual_price_type"	"gift_message_available"	"price"	"special_price"	"weight"	"msrp"	"status"	"visibility"	"Featured"	"Deal"	"Hot"	"enable_googlecheckout"	"tax_class_id"	"is_recurring"	"description"	"short_description"	"meta_keyword"	"custom_layout_update"	"news_from_date"	"news_to_date"	"special_from_date"	"special_to_date"	"custom_design_from"	"custom_design_to"	"qty"	"min_qty"	"use_config_min_qty"	"is_qty_decimal"	"backorders"	"use_config_backorders"	"min_sale_qty"	"use_config_min_sale_qty"	"max_sale_qty"	"use_config_max_sale_qty"	"is_in_stock"	"low_stock_date"	"notify_stock_qty"	"use_config_notify_stock_qty"	"manage_stock"	"use_config_manage_stock"	"stock_status_changed_auto"	"use_config_qty_increments"	"qty_increments"	"use_config_enable_qty_inc"	"enable_qty_increments"	"is_decimal_divided"	"stock_status_changed_automatically"	"use_config_enable_qty_increments"	"product_name"	"store_id"	"product_type_id"	"product_status_changed"	"product_changed_websites"'

    path = "output.csv"
    open(path, 'w') { |f| f.puts csv_headers } 

    Dir.glob("*.JPG").each_with_index do |imgpath, i|
        image_name = File.basename(imgpath)
        image_url = "/#{image_name}"
        sku = image_name[0,image_name.size-4]
        name = sku
        desc_short = sku
        desc = sku
        csv = '"default"	"base"	"Default"	"simple"	"2"	"SKU"	"0"	"NAME"	"META_TITLE"	"META_DESC"	"IMAGE"	"IMAGE"	"IMAGE"	"url-key-SKU"	"url-key-SKU"	""	"No layout updates"	"Block after Info Column"	""	""	""	" "	"Use config"	"Use config"	"No"	"1.0000"	"China"	"1.0000"	""	"Enabled"	"Catalog, Search"	"0"	"0"	"0"	"Yes"	"None"	"No"	"LONG_DESC"	"SHORT_DESC"	"META_KEYWORDS"	""	""	""	""	""	""	""	"10000.0000"	"0.0000"	"1"	"0"	"0"	"1"	"1.0000"	"1"	"0.0000"	"1"	"1"	""	""	"1"	"0"	"1"	"0"	"1"	"0.0000"	"1"	"0"	"0"	"0"	"1"	"NAME"	"0"	"simple"	""	""'
        csv.gsub!('SKU', sku)
        csv.gsub!('NAME', name)
        csv.gsub!('LONG_DESC', desc)
        csv.gsub!('SHORT_DESC', desc_short)
        csv.gsub!('META_TITLE', sku)
        csv.gsub!('META_DESC', sku)
        csv.gsub!('META_KEYWORDS', sku)
        csv.gsub!('IMAGE', "#{image_url}")
        open(path, 'a') { |f| f.puts csv } 

    p "Finished."



#require 'yaml'
#require 'hpricot'
#require 'tempfile'
#require 'mechanize'
#require 'open-uri'
#require 'highline/import'
#HighLine.track_eof = false

class Importer
  def initialize
    CSV.foreach('/Users/bluish/Desktop/export_ish.csv') do |row|
      p row.inspect
    return'/Users/bluish/Desktop/export_ish.csv', 'wb') do |csv|
      p 'injecting csv'
      csv << ['123', '', '456'] 

class String
  def decode

  def encode
def saveImage(remote_url, thumb_url, dir='./media/import')
  require 'open-uri'
        base = File.basename(remote_url)
        img = "#{dir}/#{base}"
        unless File.exist? img
          p img
          open(img, 'wb') do |file|
            file << open(remote_url).read
        thumb =  "#{dir}/thumb-#{base}"
        unless File.exist? thumb
          p thumb
          open(thumb, 'wb') do |file|
            file << open(thumb_url).read
        p "GOT MEDIA"

       p "FAILED to grab #{remote_url}"
       p "or #{thumb_url}"
       p 'Possible 404? continuing...'


Add Items to Category Programmatically in Magento

The code on the bottom will take the following array:

$categories = array(
#   "nickname" => category_id,
    "Eyeliner" => 107,
    "Lipstick" => 108,
    "General" => 18,
#   etc.

The $lineItems array contains a line of category+sku-items in the format “CategoryNick SKU1 SKU2 SKU3.” CategoryNick is matched against the $categories array above to figure out the Magento category ID. If the product is already in the category, it doesn’t do anything. The product will retain the categories it is already associated with rather than dropping the existing category associations.

$lineItems = Array();
$lineItems[] =     "Eyeliner 7897";
$lineItems[] =     "Eyeliner 7898 7772 7771 7770";
$lineItems[] =     "Lipstick 7909-15 7909-16 7939 7941 7984";
$lineItems[] =     "General 7940"; 

This is the full code. It should be placed in a /filename.php file and visited at /filename.php – Make a backup of your database before using this (and daily!) Don’t keep executable PHP files hanging around after use. If you need to, make sure the permissions are 600 or 700 and NOT world-writable or rename to .phps so they aren’t executable by web

define('MAGENTO', realpath(dirname(__FILE__)));
require_once MAGENTO . '/app/Mage.php';

# assign duct tape to all categories
function FindBySku($sku) {
    return Mage::getModel('catalog/product')->loadByAttribute('sku', $sku);

function AddToCategory($product, $newcat, $save=false) {
    $cats = $product->getCategoryIds();

    # Don't double categories
    if (in_array($newcat, $cats)) return;

    $cats[] = $newcat;

    if ($save) return $product->Save();

# 3 categories nicknamed and linked to respective Magento IDs
$categories = array(
    "Eyeliner" => 107,
    "Lipstick" => 108,
    "General" => 18,

# Add 5 items to the Eyeliner category (107), 5 to Lipstick and 1 to General.
$lineItems = Array();
$lineItems[] =     "Eyeliner 7897";
$lineItems[] =     "Eyeliner 7898 7772 7771 7770";
$lineItems[] =     "Lipstick 7909-15 7909-16 7939 7941 7984";
$lineItems[] =     "General 7940"; 

foreach($lineItems as $line) {
    $pieces = explode(' ', $line);
    $cat = $pieces[0];

    #$skus = implode(' ', $pieces);
    #$skus = substr($skus, strpos($skus, ' ')+1, strlen($skus) - strlen($cat));
    # $cat is the category NickName and $skus is a space-delimited list of SKU #s

    $skus = array_slice($pieces, 1);
    # $cat is the category NickName and $skus is an array of SKU numbers

    if (array_key_exists($cat, $categories) && $categories[$cat] != 0) {
        $cat_id = $categories[$cat];
        echo "Adding to category $cat (id = $cat_id)\n";
        echo '\tAdding ' . sizeof($skus) . " SKUs\n";
        #$item_skus = explode(" ", $skus);
        $i = 0;

        foreach($skus as $sku) {
            $product = FindBySku($sku);
            if (!$product) {
                echo "** ERROR: NO PRODUCT FOUND SKU=$sku\n";
            AddToCategory($product, $cat_id, true);
            echo "\tadded $sku to $cat ";

        echo "\nTOTAL $i/" . sizeof($skus) . " items to $cat\n\n";
    } else {
        echo "** ERROR: CANNOT FIND CATEGORY '$cat'\n\n";


Installing Alan Storm’s LayoutViewer in Magento (works with 1.7!)

I use the debug toolbar but nothing beats Alan Storm’s configviewer and layoutviewer. Unfortunately the only archive of this on Alan’s site is missing a module config file to activate it. Below is a simple shell script to download, install and activate the LayoutViewer in any version of Magento. I can confirm it works flawlessly in Magento 1.7. If you’d like to manually install this module, read the “manual installation” section below.




# If in root, go to app/code/local
if [ -f "index.php" ]; then
    cd app/code/local;

echo "Using curl to download Magento LayoutViewer"
curl -so - $VIEWER_HTTP_DOWNLOAD | tar xvzf -

echo "Writing app/etc/modules/ config file"
cat <<'ConfigFile'
<?php xml version="1.0"?>
) > ../../etc/modules/Alanstormdotcom_Layoutviewer.xml

echo "Done. Visit any page with ?showLayout=page"

Save this to a file and run “sh” in your Magento root.

Manual Installation

Download the MagentoLayoutViewer and extract the Alanstormdotcom folder to [magento-root]/app/code/local/

Create a new config file in app/etc/modules/ named Alanstormdotcom_Layoutviewer.xml  and paste in it the following:

<?php xml version="1.0"?>

Done. See usage below.

Module Usage

Visit any URL with ?showLayout=page (or handle or package) to retrieve the layouts XML

The module also accepts a showLayoutFormat=text argument if you’d like plain text instead of XML.

Example: http://my-store.cxm/product/123?showLayout=page&showLayoutFormat=text